And the conflict is likely to escalate: The administration is preparing tariffs of up to 25 percent on an additional $200 billion in Chinese products.
The tariffs are aimed at industrial, rather than consumer, imports.
China's exports growth unexpectedly accelerated in July despite fresh US tariffs, while its trade surplus with the United States remained near record highs as Beijing and Washington ramped up a bitter dispute that has rattled financial markets.
President Trump had repeatedly expressed discontent over the U.S. trade deficit with China, accusing the country of unfair trade practices, intellectual property theft, currency manipulation, and of providing state aid to Chinese firms.
The first tariffs were imposed in March and China responded in April.
Wednesday's Chinese data provide the first readings of the overall trade picture for the world's second-largest economy since U.S duties on $34 billion of Chinese imports came into effect on July 6.
Although the move was expected, it solidifies the view that there appears to be no effort underway to defuse the dispute between the world's two largest economies.
Brooklyn nail salon brawl over botched eyebrow wax sparks protests, racism accusations
The video now has more than 700,000 views with many on Facebook urged people to stop supporting the nail salon. Thomas was also arrested and charged with assault, menacing, and harassment.
The latest commentary from state media on Wednesday took a softer line after resorting to personal attacks against Trump earlier in the week, saying China could get through the storm but refrained from directly mentioning the US President.
China has now either imposed or proposed tariffs on $110 billion of US goods, representing the vast majority of China's annual imports of American products. So far, despite the rhetoric, only $37bn worth of imports into China and the USA have actually been affected.
The US plans to move forward with further tariffs on Chinese goods starting 23 August, its top trade negotiator has said.
In the meantime, it sought public comment on the new items.
US President Donald Trump started announcing new tariffs on imports in January as part of an attempt to negotiate what he called "fair, bilateral trade deals that bring jobs and industry back onto American shores".
"We have made the case to the administration, in the strongest possible terms, that tariffs imposed on semiconductors imported from China will hurt America's chipmakers, not China's, and will do nothing to stop China's problematic and discriminatory trade practices", SIA President John Neuffer said in a statement. Beijing, accusing the United States of trade bullying, has retaliated by imposing tariffs on an equal measure of American goods.