Bolsonaro then read a short speech that included numerous far-right positions he staked out during the campaign.
In an earlier inauguration speech, the 63-year-old former paratrooper had promised to "unite the people, value the family, respect religion and our Judeo-Christian tradition, combat the ideology of gender and preserve our values".
As his motorcade drove by, supporters chanted "Myth! We will continue the same way as before this decision was made", Pompeo said at a press conference with Netanyahu on Tuesday.
There are also concerns for Brazil's extensive and diverse environment, with Bolsonaro's pro-business push being made at the expense of preservation - especially in the Amazon, sometimes called "the lungs of the planet" and at risk from increasing deforestation.
Bolsonaro voters hope their man will do better.
Tens of thousands of people attended Bolsonaro's inauguration ceremony in Brasilia, which was held under tight security that included warplane patrols, anti-drone technology and multiple crowd barriers.
Bolsonaro has pledged to follow the USA and move the Brazilian embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Bolsonaro, a vocal critic of media that voice opposition to him, has promised to cut advertising funds from state-owned companies to some media organizations.
Bahrain reopens embassy in Syrian capital after UAE move
However, Arab countries had also sanctioned Damascus and criticized its use of military forces against the opposition. At the time analysts told Xinhua that the visit could be a prelude to restoring normal Arab relations with Syria.
On Tuesday, Bolsonaro reiterated his commitment to fighting crime in a nation that has long led the world in annual homicides.
He wants to tackle the problems in part by shielding police who kill during an operation from criminal prosecution.
That worries many, who fear it could aggravate Brazil's rampant violence. Leftist president such as Nicolas Maduro of Venezuela, Daniel Ortega of Nicaragua and Miguel Diaz-Canel of Cuba - who Bolsonaro has deemed dictators - were not invited.
On Sunday, the Prime Minister of Iraq, Adil Abdul-Mahdi, told reporters that a security delegation had met with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad in Damascus, and hinted at a bigger Iraqi role in the fight against the Islamic State (IS) in Syria as the U.S. plans to withdraw from the country.
The sole issue left to be worked out was the United States' quashing of a $500 million arms deal between Israel and Croatia.
Riordan Roett, a professor and director emeritus of Latin American Studies at Johns Hopkins University, noted that generals have administration skills that can be useful in government.
"Bolsonaro needs some quick successes to get off on the right foot with the public and the political elites", said Hufbauer, adding that a failure to do that would likely reduce Bolsonaro's honeymoon period to six months.